QED Working Paper Number

Jagannathan and Wang (1996) derive the asymptotic distribution of the Hansen-Jagannathan distance (HJ-distance) proposed by Hansen and Jagannathan (1997), and develop a specification test of asset pricing models based on the HJ-distance. While the HJ-distance has several desirable properties, Ahn and Gadarowski (2004) find that the specification test based on the HJ-distance overrejects correct models too severely in commonly used sample size to provide a valid test. This paper proposes to improve the finite sample properties of the HJ-distance test by applying the shrinkage method (Ledoit and Wolf, 2003) to compute its weighting matrix. The proposed method improves the finite sample performance of the HJ-distance test significantly.

Yu Ren
Katsumi Shimotsu
JEL Codes
Covariance matrix estimation
Factor models
Finite sample properties
Hansen-Jagannathan distance
Shrinkage method
Working Paper