QED Working Paper Number

Economists are often interested in the coefficient of a single endogenous explanatory variable in a linear simultaneous equations model. One way to obtain a confidence set for this coefficient is to invert the Anderson-Rubin test. The "AR confidence sets" that result have correct coverage under classical assumptions. However, AR confidence sets also have many undesirable properties. It is well known that they can be unbounded when the instruments are weak. But, even when they are bounded, their length may be very misleading, and their coverage conditional on quantities that the investigator can observe, notably the Sargan statistic for over-identifying restrictions, can be far from correct. A similar property manifests itself, for similar reasons, when a confidence set for a single parameter is based on inverting an F test for two or more parameters.

Russell Davidson
JEL Codes
weak instruments
confidence interval
instrumental variables
Sargan test
F test
overidentifying restrictions
Working Paper